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Fascinating Facts About Hypnosis

 


Fascinating Facts About Hypnosis

There is proof of hypnotic-like phenomena in numerous ancient cultures. When the author of Genesis claims that God "put Adam into a deep sleep" to take his rib to form Eve, it appears that he is aware of the anesthetic potential of hypnosis. According to other historical accounts, the Delphic Oracle and ancient Egyptian rituals both used hypnosis (Hughes and Retrovirus, 1996). The history of hypnosis as we know it today began in the late 1700s when a French physician named Anton Mesmer rekindled interest in the subject.

 

Franz Anton Mesmer was born in Vienna in 1734 and died in 1815. Hypnosis is credited to Mesmer as its founder. He is known for coining the term "mesmerism," which described the process of putting someone into a trance by repeatedly passing his hands or magnets over them. He used an individual's animal magnetism (psychic and electromagnetic energies). Despite his considerable success in treating a number of illnesses, the medical community ultimately discredited him. The medical establishment of the day was offended by his accomplishments, so they arranged for an official French government investigation committee. Benjamin Franklin, who was the American ambassador to France at the time, and Joseph Guillotine, a French physician who invented a reliable tool for physically severing the mind from the body, were both members of this committee.

 

James Braid, an English physician who lived from 1795 to 1860, initially opposed mesmerism (as it had come to be known) but later developed an interest in it. He claimed that suggestions, not animal magnetism, were what caused cures. In order to induce relaxation, he created the eye fixation technique (also known as Braidism), which he named hypnosis (after the Greek sleep god Hypnos) because he believed the phenomenon to be a form of sleep. Later, after realizing his mistake, he attempted to change the name to monoeidism, which refers to the influence of a single idea, but the original name stuck. French neurologist Jean Marie Charcot, who lived from 1825 to 1893, disagreed with the Nancy School of Hypnotism and claimed that hypnosis was merely a symptom of hysteria.


The Nancy group and Charcot had a savage rivalry (Liebault and Bernheim). He revived Mesmers' theory of animal magnetism and distinguished between lethargy, catalepsy, and somnambulism as the three stages of trance.

 

1845-1947 The use of hypnosis was initially frowned upon by French neurologist and psychologist Pierre Janet, who later came to appreciate its calming effects and ability to aid in healing. One of the few people who showed interest in hypnosis throughout the psychoanalytical rage was Janet.

 

1849-1936 Russian psychologist Ivan Petrovich Pavlov actually spent more time studying the digestive system. He is best known for creating the theory behind the conditioned reflex (or Stimulus Response Theory). He trained hungry dogs to salivate at the sound of a bell, which they had previously associated with the sight of food, in his famous experiment. In 1904, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology for his research on digestive secretions. Despite having nothing to do with hypnosis, his Stimulus Response Theory is a key concept in linking and anchoring behaviors, especially in NLP.

 

Emile Coue, a doctor who created the Laws of Suggestion, lived from 1857 to 1926. He is also well-known for advising his patients to repeat to themselves "Every day in every way, I am getting better and better" 20–30 times before bed. Additionally, he found that offering encouraging words along with a prescription for medication worked better than just a medication prescription. His belief that hypnosis and the hypnotic state reduced the effectiveness of suggestion led him to eventually give up on the idea of hypnosis in favor of just using suggestion.


 

Laws of Suggestion by Coues

 

The Rule of Focused Attention

 

"Whenever attention is focused on an idea repeatedly, it tends to spontaneously realize itself."

 

inverse action theory

 

The likelihood of success decreases the harder one tries something.

 

prevailing effect, or

 

"A stronger emotion typically takes the place of a weaker one."

 

Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) visited Nancy to study with Liebault and Bernheim before continuing his studies with Charcot. However, Freud did not use hypnosis in his therapeutic work because he believed he could not sufficiently hypnotize patients, believed that the cures were only temporary, and believed that hypnosis stripped patients of their defenses. Freud's paternal demeanor was thought to make him a bad hypnotist. However, he frequently inducted his patients into trance by placing his hand on their heads to represent the doctor's dominant and the patient's submissive roles. He did this without even realizing it. Hypnosis was largely disregarded after his early rejection of it in favor of psychoanalysis.


 

1875-1961 Freud's student and coworker Carl Jung rejected his psychoanalytical method and pursued his own interests. He created the ideas of archetypes and the collective unconscious. Although he did not actively practice hypnosis, he urged his patients to change negative memories by actively using their imaginations. In his healing work, he frequently made use of the idea of the inner guide. He thought that techniques like the I Ching and astrology could be used to access the inner mind. The traditional medical establishment dismissed him as a mystic. But even today, healers continue to actively embrace many of his concepts and theories.

 

1932-1974 Psychotherapist and psychiatrist Milton Erickson invented the technique of indirect suggestion in hypnosis. He is revered as the founding figure of contemporary hypnosis. He employed both verbal and nonverbal pacing strategies, such as metaphor, confusion, and many others, to get around the conscious mind. He had a colorful personality and had a significant impact on how modern hypnotherapy is used and is recognized by the AMA. His work served as the foundation for Bandler and Grinders' Neuro-Linguistic Programming, along with that of Satir and Perls (NLP).

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